Conditions Treated at Chiropractix:

Symptoms & Treatments

Low Back Pain

Low back pain can happen for many different reasons. The structures which generally cause pain in the lower back are joints, nerves, discs, and muscles and ligaments. Some are more severe than others. The lower back is made up of 5 lumbar vertebral bodies, 2 pelvic bones and the sacrum (which has the coccyx attached to it).

The majority of lower back complaints occur due to repetitive flexion, or in other words bending forward form the hips. The lower back is at its weakest when in a flexed position as the joints are opened, the ligaments and muscles are over stretched and the front part of the disc is under pressure. In this position any one of the above named structures can be injured.

Signs and Symptoms

Lower back complaints can cause:
  • Sharp stabbing pain in the back
  • Sciatic pain/ Leg pain
  • Nerve pain (Pain that begins form the lower back and runs down the leg in a specific pattern)
  • Dull aches in the one area
  • Muscular cramping
  • Pain when sitting
  • Tingling, Pins and Needles or Numbness into the lower back and legs
  • Stiffness in motion

How does Chiropractic care help?

Chiropractic care is an effective form of treatment used in alleviating signs and symptoms experiences in the lower back, whether you feel the dull achy sensation on the lower back that can be caused from arthritic complaints or if it is the sharp pain experienced with sciatica.

Neck Pain

In recent years neck pain has become more prevalent among the public for a very different reason than before. In earlier years people experienced neck pain due to manual labour and lifting wrongly. Nowadays neck pain appears to be more as a result of sitting at computer screens with heads flexed forwards. This action when repetitively performed can begin to cause permanent changes in the cervical spine, i.e. the neck. Joints in the neck are at their weakest when flexed forward therefore continuously doing this action allows muscles in the neck to become tight and weak, and can cause, "locking", of the joints.

Perfect head posture is achieved when our earlobe and shoulder are directly in line causing a mild curve in our neck.

We should focus on ideal head posture when driving, sitting, standing and sleeping. Although this may sound like a task, when we put these good habits into action they become second nature to us in the long term.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Stiffness
  • Tightness in the shoulders
  • Pains into the back of the head
  • Headaches into the forehead and behind the eyes
  • Tingling and pins and needles into the hands
  • "Dead or heavy", feeling in the arms
  • Localised pain in the neck or where the neck and shoulder join

How does Chiropractic care help?

Chiropractic care for the cervical spine increases range of motion, decreases pain and stiffness and improves cervical spine posture. While a lot of people fear chiropractic adjustment of the neck, studies have been performed to show that chiropractic care for the cervical spine is safe and effective. A qualified chiropractic doctor has the ability to rule out if manual manipulation for the neck is unsafe, and in this case other techniques can be used.


Sciatica is a term used to diagnose leg pain. Sciatic pain occurs when there is pressure on the sciatic nerve. The sciatic nerve originates from the lumbar spine area of the back i.e. the lower back, and continues through the buttock down the posterior aspect of the thigh, into the leg and all the way to the base of the foot. There are certain branches off the sciatic nerve which travel to other areas of the leg and feet. There are more severe cases of sciatica and some of the signs and symptoms are listed below.

Signs and Symptoms

Mild to Moderate Signs and Symptoms
  • Pain located at the base of the spine and radiating into the buttock.
  • Pain into the buttock and radiating down the thigh to the back of the knee.
  • Pain into the lower aspect of the leg and into the feet
Severe Signs and Symptoms
  • Constant pain travelling from the lower back to the foot on one leg
  • Constant pain radiating into the feet
  • Constant tingling pins and needles and numbness
  • Wasting of muscles in the thigh and lower leg

How does Chiropractic care help?

Chiropractic care is very efficient when reducing down the signs and symptoms of sciatica. Chiropractors are highly trained to diagnose the origin of the sciatic nerve compliant, whether it’s taking an x-ray or just physically examining the complaint – the diagnosis is key to maximum recovery. Chiropractors can also interpret MRI scans – therefore if you have had a scan of your back it is very important that you present it to the chiropractor on your first visit.


Headaches are very different in presentation, but the public commonly mix up the type of headache that they may be experiencing. The two most common headaches that we feel are Tension type headaches and Migraines.

Tension type headaches usually occur due to increase stress. Working more hours, a family member dying or moving house are all factors that can cause tension in the neck and shoulder muscles, even the small muscles at the base of your skull and across your jaw. The tension produced in these muscular structures can cause referred pain from the base of your head to your ear and even round to the forehead and behind your eyes. This is the typical presentation of a tension type headache. Other factors that can cause tension type headaches are sitting at a computer screen with your neck flexed forward, or whiplash injuries or even neck pain.

Migraine headaches tend to be directly related to a stimulus. In other words something triggers the headache off. Some people find that they are photosensitive, in other words a strong light which flashes into their eyes can trigger off a migraine; others find that eating certain foods cause the migraine to begin. Finding the stimulus that triggers off the headache is one of the key factors in decreasing the number of headaches that you experience.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Tension type band around the forehead and base of the skull
  • Pulsating pain on the temple
  • Nausea
  • Blurred vision
  • Haze in vision (sometimes seen as bright lights or stars)

How does Chiropractic care help?

Chiropractic care has fantastic results when treating tension type headaches. Good results are displayed with migraine headaches however it is important to find the stimulus that causes the headache as well as undergoing treatment for the migraine.


Whiplash injuries happen when the body is suddenly jolted or thrust forward at a high speed wherein the neck is "whipped" forward and back at high force. As the neck is such a delicate structure with minimal support surrounding it, it’s easily injured and actions like the one just described can cause tearing of ligaments and muscles of the neck as well as misalignment of the spine and damage of the discs.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Neck pain
  • Shoulder pain
  • Stiffness in the joints of the neck
  • Muscular pain
  • Headaches that can radiate form the base of your skull to your forehead and behind your eyes
  • Nerve pain (pain that radiates from your neck down your arms)

How does Chiropractic care help?

Chiropractic care focuses on the realignment of the spine and extremities, which removes any tension or pressure off nerves. It improves the movement of the joints affected during whiplash injuries, as well as relaxing any muscles tightened during the accident.

Pregnancy Pain

For a female, pregnancy is one of the most rewarding times in their life. With this reward can also come great pain and suffering with lower back conditions, shoulder pains and other musculoskeletal complaints. During pregnancy, the pressure and stress placed upon a woman’s lower back is immense. The ligaments of the lower back begin to become lax or in other words, loose and weak. When this happens, the lumbar spine (lower back) and pelvic bones can move out of position causing pressure on nerve structures in the lower back which results in pain. Due to the extra weight on the pregnant woman’s lower back, some females can experience an increase in the lower back curvature, which can cause on-going complaints following child birth.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Sciatica
  • Pain at the base of the spine
  • Tingling pins and needles and numbness into the legs
  • Pain in between the shoulder blades (due to increased breast size and weight on the front of the body)
  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
  • These are only some of the typical signs and symptoms that can be experienced by pregnant females.

How does Chiropractic care help?

Chiropractic treatment for pregnant females varies in technique. The techniques used are much lighter but equally effective. It is a safe and non-invasive treatment that helps to maintain good spinal posture and lower back muscular strength throughout pregnancy. Chiropractic care aims to decrease aches and pains experienced throughout the 9 month period and works on maintaining good spinal posture post pregnancy.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

The Carpal Tunnel is a structure on the wrist which comprises of carpal bones, a ligament sheath and the most important part of the tunnel is the median nerve. This nerve is the structure that becomes compressed causing the signs and symptoms into the hand and wrist.

The injury tends to happen when either the ligament structure around the wrist, i.e. the flexor retinaculum, becomes damaged or sprained, or when the carpal bones become restricted and increase pressure around the median nerve. The median nerve provides stimulus to the thumb and second, third and fourth digits. It can also be described as a repetitive stress injury to the wrist.

Signs and Symptoms

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome can cause:
  • Sharp stabbing pain into the thumb or palm of the hand
  • Pins and Needles into the thumb or palm of the hand
  • Nerve pain (Pain that begins from the wrist and runs down the finger tips in a specific pattern)
  • Dull aches in the one area
  • Muscular cramping of the thumb and hand
  • Pain when sleeping
  • Numbness or "deadness" into the hand
  • Stiffness in motion of the hand
  • Difficulty gripping or holding objects

How does Chiropractic care help?

Chiropractic care can help with carpal tunnel syndrome, by firstly releasing the restricted joints and carpal bones through a safe and effective technique called chiropractic adjustments. This removes the restriction within the carpal joints and releases the nerve.

Tennis / Golfer’s Elbow

Tennis Elbow is inflammation of the extensor tendons of the wrist and joints of the elbow. These tendons are located on the superficial side of the elbow. Its medical term is Lateral Epicondylitis. The Epicondyles are the bony structures that you can feel on the inside and outside of the elbow. The lateral aspect of the elbow is the outer aspect of the elbow.

Golfer’s Elbow is inflammation of the flexor muscles of the wrist and joints of the elbow. These tendons are located on the internal aspect of the elbow. Its medical term is Medial Epicondylitis. The Medial aspect of the elbow is the inner aspect of the elbow.

The injury tends to happen when either the tendons of the elbow (inner or outer depending on complaint) become damaged or sprained, or when the head of the radius becomes restricted in movement and the joint between the radial head and humerus become restricted. Other structures around the elbow may become affected such as the radial nerve (that runs along the thumb side of your forearm) and the ulnar nerve (that runs along the 5th digit side of your forearm).

Signs and Symptoms

Tennis Elbow can cause:
  • Sharp stabbing pain into the outer aspect of the elbow
  • Pins and Needles into the finger tips
  • Nerve pain (Pain that begins from the wrist and runs down the finger tips in a specific pattern)
  • Dull aches in the one area of the elbow
  • Muscular cramping of the extensor muscles of your wrist
  • Pain during racket sports or while playing golf
Golfer’s Elbow can cause:
  • The same symptoms as above, but present on the opposite side of the hand, wrist, forearm and elbow.

How does Chiropractic care help?

Chiropractic care can help in alleviating the signs and symptoms caused by tennis elbow by safely adjusting the elbow joints and releasing out the tendons involved by specific soft tissue techniques. It can also help correct the problem by rehabilitation and exercise of the area.


Arthritic complaints can vary from their diagnosis to the way in which their symptoms present. There are many different types of arthritis, Osteoarthritis (A.K.A. "wear and tear") and Rheumatoid Arthritis are some of the more commonly known and more commonly seen arthritic complaints that present in practice. These types of arthritis typically give pain in different locations of the body, such as the extremities most commonly the wrists and fingers known as the carpal-metacarpal joints and the metacarpal-phalangeal joints. Other areas commonly affected by Osteoarthritis are, the spine, feet, knees and hips.

Osteoarthritis has begun to affect people in younger ages than it previously ever has, i.e. people in their 20's and 30's and this is due to the more sedentary life that society as a whole has, and the rise of the technological era (Sitting at computers and looking at mobile phones and tablets).

Some other types of Arthritis are, Psoriatic Arthritis, Gout, Lupus, and in more recent years Fibromyalgia has been integrated into the arthritic diagnostic group.

Signs and Symptoms

Arthritic complaints can cause:
  • Aches and pains into the extremities
  • Achy pain into joints
  • Increased pain in colder weather
  • Stiffness in the morning
  • Stiffness in joints (especially fingers and wrists)
  • Repetitive pain in the same area
  • Lack of joint mobility

How does Chiropractic care help?

Chiropractic focuses on the manual manipulation and mobilisation of joints, which in turn increases the range of movement within a joint by bringing it back to its normal alignment. By increasing the mobility of a joint the pain experienced by the patient decreases which helps with day to day movements. Chiropractors use various techniques in order to treat patient’s suffering from arthritic complaints, ranging from manual chiropractic adjustments to softer mobilisation techniques dependent on the patient.

Sports Injuries & Athletic Performance

There are a large range of sports injuries that we see in our clinics regularly. They vary from basic muscle sprains and strains to more repetitive joint complaints and nerve complaints. The key is that the root of the complaint is recognised, diagnosed and then treated.

Chiropractors are now an integrated part of all major sports teams and is used not only as a way to treat and heal sports complaints but also to increase athletic performance and ability. By having your body functioning at it’s optimum, i.e. having your spine and nervous system interacting with the muscles of the rest of the body correctly allows for your performance and athletic ability to improve. Removing misalignments in the joints of the spine and extremities allows for, less injuries, quicker recovery times from injuries and an overall better functioning body.

Signs and Symptoms

Sports Injuries can cause:
  • Pain when performing exercises
  • Pain when performing the same exercise
  • Reduction of range of movement
  • Less flexibility
  • Decreased times, distances and performance in sport
  • Sluggish feeling when exercising

How does Chiropractic care help?

Misaligned joints put pressure on the spinal nerves and nerves of the extremities. These nerves supply muscles, effectively giving them the necessary "energy/stimulation" to function correctly. When there is a joint misaligned it puts pressure on the nerves essentially decreasing the "energy/stimulation" and not allowing the muscle to perform correctly. Chiropractic adjustments remove this interference allowing the muscles to perform at their optimum.